Ο Nelson (Νέλσον) είχε Καλύτερη ερωμένη και έτσι νίκησε τον Ναπολέοντα.   Leave a comment

Nelson Horatios

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/72/HoratioNelson1.jpg/497px-HoratioNelson1.jpg

Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronte, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805)

Ο Νέλσον είχε καλύτερη ερωμένη και έτσι νίκησε τον Ναπολέοντα.

Ο λόγος που η Βρετανία έγινε Αυτοκρατορία και υπέστη τόσες λίγες εισβολές, είναι επειδή είναι νησί.

Η θάλασσα και η σωστή στρατηγική προστάτεψαν την Βρετανία.

Την ώρα που ο Ναπολέοντας στέφτηκε αυτοκράτορας από τον ίδιο του τον εαυτό, 2 Δεκεμβρίου 1804. Κατάργησε τον Πάπα, ναυπηγούνταν ο στόλος για να κάνει εισβολή στην Βρετανία.

Ο Ναπολέων ήταν μεγάλος στρατηγός. Από την στιγμή που θα αποβίβαζε στρατό στην Βρετανία θα είχε κερδίσει και τον πόλεμο.

Αν ο Ναπολέων είχε κατακτήσει την Βρετανία, τότε δεν θα υπήρχε τίποτα να τον σταματήσει. Η Γαλλία θα κυριαρχούσε για τον 19ο αιώνα.

Η Ευρώπη θα ήταν δική του.

Ο Ναπολέων ήξερε να κάνει πλιάτσικο. Ήξερε να αρπάζει εδάφη, να τοποθετεί συγγενείς του σε θέσεις με εξουσία και χρήμα, έδινε χρήμα και ανταμοιβές σε όσους τον στήριζαν.

Στις 21 Οκτωβρίου 1805 ο Γαλοισπανικος στόλος που θα μετέφερε στρατεύματα καταστράφηκε από τον Horatio Nelson που ήταν πάνω στο πλοίο του Victory φορώντας την επίσημη στολή του. Φορώντας μια τέτοια στολή είσαι εύκολος στόχος σε μια μάχη. Έτσι ένας γάλλος ναύτης τον σημάδεψε, τον πυροβόλησε και τον τραυμάτισε θανάσιμα.

Χτυπήθηκε στην σπονδυλική στήλη.

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/George_Romney_-_Emma_Hart_in_a_Straw_Hat.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/Lady_Emma_Hamilton%2C_as_Cassandra%2C_by_George_Romney.jpg/597px-Lady_Emma_Hamilton%2C_as_Cassandra%2C_by_George_Romney.jpg

Ο Nelson είχε εγκαταλείψει την αξιοσέβαστη σύζυγο του και είχε κάνει δεσμό με μια κοινή πόρνη, την Emma.

Ο Νέλσον πριν από την ναυμαχία που θα έσωζε την Βρετανία, είχε αφήσει επιστολή που ζητούσε από το Βρετανικό κράτος, να φροντίσει την αγαπημένη του Έμα, σε περίπτωση που πεθάνει στην μάχη.

Δυστυχώς το Βρετανικό κράτος, φάνηκε αχάριστο. Θεωρούσε την Ερωτική σχέση του Nelson με την Εμα σκανδαλώδης.

Ευτυχώς για τους Βρετανούς έμειναν μόνο εκεί και δεν καθαίρεσαν τον Horatio Nelson, γιατί αν το έκαναν, ο Ναπολέων θα τους κατακτούσε.

Στο ισπανικό ακρωτήριο Τραφάλγκαρ, ο Horatios Nelson, έθαψε τα όνειρα του Ναπολέοντα για καθολική επικράτηση.

Όσο αφορά την Εμα, αυτή ήταν έξυπνο κορίτσι και παντρεύτηκε τον Λόρδο Χάμιλτον, τον Βρετανό αντιπρόσωπο στην Νεάπολη και έτσι αποκαταστάθηκε.

Ο Horatios Nelson έπαιξε κατά κάποιο τρόπο, ρόλο και στην Ελληνική επανάσταση.

https://www2.sch.im/groups/manxcurriculum/wiki/9db2f/images/__thumbs__/17da0.jpg

Τον 20ο αιώνα, ο Χίτλερ έκανε το ίδιο λάθος και η μικρή Ελλάδα δικαιολόγησε την δημιουργία και τη θέση της, αφού αντιστάθηκε στον Χίτλερ και έδωσε πολύτιμο χρόνο στους Συμμάχους.

Ο Χίτλερ δεν μπόρεσε να εισβάλει στην Βρετανία και έκανε αυτό που έκανε και ο Ναπολέοντας, στράφηκε στον πόλεμο στην Ξηρα. Ο Χίτλερ σκόνταψε στην RAF και στα Radar και στον ηλίθιο Goering. Όπως έχω γράψει επανειλημμένα, τα πρόσωπα παίζουν κυρίαρχο ρόλο. Εγώ ως «πρόσωπο παίζω» κυρίαρχο ρόλο.

https://i0.wp.com/img.bfdc.co.uk/stampsheets/w530/BCS_Trafalgar2.jpg

4444

http://warandgame.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/trth6565u.jpg

4444

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trafalgar

The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).

The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost.

The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the previous century and was achieved in part through Nelson’s departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy, which involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the larger enemy fleet, with decisive results.

Nelson was mortally wounded during the battle, becoming one of Britain’s greatest war heroes. The commander of the joint French and Spanish forces, Admiral Villeneuve, was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Spanish Admiral Federico Gravina escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.

4444

http://www.temeraire.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trafalgar

Decisive British naval and aerial victory, led by Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson on the HMS Victory, over the combined Spanish and French fleets on October 21, 1805. The battle took place west of Cape Trafalgar in southwest Spain. The French and Spanish forces were commanded by Admiral Pierre Villeneuve from the Bucentaure.

The British forces had 27 ships of the line and 12 dragons, and the enemy forces had 33 ships and 10 dragons. Approximately half the dragons were Spanish, possibly reflecting Napoleon’s plan to reserve his dragons for an aerial invasion of Britain, as he attempted shortly thereafter, leading to the Battle of Dover.

Nelson used two columns, breaking the enemy’s line twice. The weather column, on the north, was supported by Excidium and Laetificat, with Mortiferus over the lee column on the south.

4444

http://www.artistsharbour.com/blog/?p=95

Trafalgar was the greatest battle of the age of fighting sail and marked a key turning point in Napoleon’s campaign to secure European domination. Napoleon’s armies may have been all-conquering but the British had mastery of the seas. On October 21st 1805, the combined fleet of 33 French and Spanish ships, under the command of the French Admiral Villeneuve, was confronted by a fleet of 27 ships of the Royal Navy, led by Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson on board the Victory, off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast. Rather than fight broadside-to-broadside in two long lines, Nelson’s unusual plan was to attack the French and Spanish line in two columns from the west and hope to break straight through the centre, effectively dividing the French fleet and bringing the British into close action, where their experience and superior gunnery would prevail.

4444

https://i0.wp.com/www.britishbattles.com/waterloo/images/trafalgar/trafalgar-map-l.jpg

4444

https://i1.wp.com/discoverportsmouth.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/hms-victory-english-ship.jpg

4444

Historic Dockyard, Portsmouth
United Kingdom
http://www.hms-victory.com/

HMS Victory is a 104-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, laid down in 1759 and launched in 1765. She is most famous as Lord Nelson’s flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.She was also Keppel’s flagship at Ushant, Howe’s flagship at Cape Spartel and Jervis’s flagship at Cape St Vincent. After 1824 she served as a harbour ship.In 1922 she was moved to a dry dock at Portsmouth, England, and preserved as a museum ship. She continues to be flagship of the Second Sea Lord and is the oldest naval ship still in commission.

Information: wikipedia

4444

https://i1.wp.com/discoverportsmouth.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/hms-victory-historic-ships.jpg

4444

Twenty-five different nationalities fought on behalf of Nelson at Trafalgar. For many, the Royal Navy was the first equal opportunities employer, offering freedom and potential fortune.

4444

https://i0.wp.com/s0.geograph.org.uk/geophotos/02/44/01/2440129_b0e10f42.jpg

4444

https://i0.wp.com/cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/a526068deac4e32b9da1cb9ebfd65cfb_1M.png4444

Αν η Αρχαία Αθήνα ήταν νησί, η Σπάρτη δε θα την νικούσε στον Πελοποννησιακό πόλεμο.

4444

https://i0.wp.com/jacketupload.macmillanusa.com/jackets/high_res/jpgs/9780805079340.jpg

4444

https://i1.wp.com/digital.nls.uk/dcn3/7489/74892087.3.jpg

4444

http://www.virtual-london.com/admiral-horatio-nelson

Admiral Horatio Nelson

Probably the most famous British naval commander of all time, Horatio Nelson was born in Burnham Thorpe, an East Anglian town in Norfolk, in September of 1758.

His father was the local rector. The young Horatio joined the Navy in 1770 and within nine years had been promoted to the rank of captain. In 1787 Frances Nisbet became Mrs Francis Nelson when they married in the West Indies.

In Naples, Italy, he met and fell for the wife of the British Ambassador, one Lady Hamilton who became Nelson’s mistress. This painting is probably the best-known study of Lady Hamilton, painted by George Romney in 1785.

Between 1793 and 1797 Horatio was rather unlucky and managed to lose not only his right eye but also his right arm in battle, whilst stationed in the Mediterranean. By 1800 he had separated from his wife.

During the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Nelson played a major part in the British Navy and went on to become the victor in many sea battles, including the battle of Cape St Vincent and the Battle of the Nile.

In 1796 he was promoted to the lofty rank of Commodore of the Fleet and in 1801 became a Vice Admiral and later Viscount Trafalgar. He took command of the Mediterranean fleet when war between France and England broke out in 1803.

Before the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, he sent the famous signal “England expects that every man will do his duty”.

John Flaxman created the marble bust in the photograph above in 1801. Nelson’s niece, Charlotte, thought it was “the only true likeness that has ever been made of my dear uncle.”

A picture of ‘The Battle of Trafalgar’ was J.M.W. Turner’s only royal commission, ordered by George IV in 1882. The painting combines a series of incidents into an evocation of events. It displeased most naval officers at the time.

Nelson was mortally wounded on the 21st October 1805, having defeated the French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar, and therefore preventing Napoleon from invading England. Nelson’s last words were, allegedly, “Kiss me Hardy”. His bloodstained uniform is one of the many Nelson artefacts that can be seen at the National Maritime Museum.

Following the victorious battle and Nelson’s death Trafalgar Square was built in his honour. At the centre of the square Nelson stands proudly on top of a giant column.

Nelson is buried in St Paul’s Cathedral.

Related Links

4444

https://i1.wp.com/sd.keepcalm-o-matic.co.uk/i/keep-calm-we-know-napoleon-is-here-we-have-horatio-nelson.png

4444

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horatio_Nelson,_1._Viscount_Nelson

Horatio Nelson, 1. Viscount Nelson, 1. Baron Nelson of the Nile, KB, Herzog von Bronte (* 29. September 1758 in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, England; † 21. Oktober 1805, Kap Trafalgar, Spanien) war ein britischer Admiral, der einige viel beachtete Seesiege errang bzw. daran entscheidenden Anteil hatte: 1797 St. Vincent (vor der Küste Portugals), 1798 Abukir, 1801 Kopenhagen, 1805 Trafalgar.

4444

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/408359/Horatio-Nelson-Viscount-Nelson#toc5163

Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson, in full Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson of the Nile and Burnham Thorpe, also called (1797–98) Sir Horatio Nelson, or (1798–1801) Baron Nelson of the Nile and Burnham Thorpe   (born Sept. 29, 1758, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, Eng.—died Oct. 21, 1805, at sea, off Cape Trafalgar, Spain), British naval commander in the wars with Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, who won crucial victories in such battles as those of the Nile (1798) and of Trafalgar (1805), where he was killed by enemy fire on the HMS Victory. In private life he was known for his extended love affair with Emma, Lady Hamilton, while both were married.

4444

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/nelson_admiral_horatio_lord.shtml

Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson (1758 – 1805)

Horatio Nelson  © Nelson was a British naval commander and national hero, famous for his naval victories against the French during the Napoleonic Wars.

Born on 29 September 1758 in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, Horatio Nelson was the sixth of the 11 children of a clergyman.

He joined the navy aged 12, on a ship commanded by a maternal uncle.

He became a captain at 20, and saw service in the West Indies, Baltic and Canada. He married Frances Nisbet in 1787 in Nevis, and returned to England with his bride to spend the next five years on half-pay, frustrated at the lack of a command.

When Britain entered the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793, Nelson was given command of the Agamemnon. He served in the Mediterranean, helped capture Corsica and saw battle at Calvi (where he lost the sight in his right eye). He would later lose his right arm at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1797.

As a commander he was known for bold action, and the occasional disregard of orders from his seniors.

This defiance brought him victories against the Spanish off Cape Vincent in 1797, and at the Battle of Copenhagen four years later, where he ignored orders to cease action by putting his telescope to his blind eye and claiming he couldn’t seen the signal to withdraw.

At the Battle of the Nile in 1798, he successfully destroyed Napoleon’s fleet and thus his bid for a direct trade route to India. Nelson’s next posting took him to Naples, where he fell in love with Emma, Lady Hamilton. Although they remained in their respective marriages, Nelson and Emma Hamilton considered each other soul-mates and had a child together, Horatia, in 1801. Earlier that same year, Nelson was promoted to vice-admiral.

Over the period 1794 to 1805, under Nelson’s leadership, the Royal Navy proved its supremacy over the French.

His most famous engagement, at Cape Trafalgar, saved Britain from threat of invasion by Napoleon, but it would be his last. Before the battle on 21 October 1805, Nelson sent out the famous signal to his fleet ‘England expects that every man will do his duty’. He was killed by a French sniper a few hours later while leading the attack on the combined French and Spanish fleet. His body was preserved in brandy and transported back to England where he was given a state funeral.

4444

http://historysheroes.e2bn.org/hero/whowerethey/5

Horatio Nelson was the most famous admiral of the Napoleonic Wars who has been celebrated ever since as the greatest sea warrior in British history.

Although a small and sickly child, Nelson went to sea when he was just 12 years old. Despite persistent seasickness, his career flourished as he moved from ship to ship in the East Indies and the Caribbean, showing a flair for naval strategy. He became one of the youngest ever captains in the Royal Navy.

He saw active service in the American War of Independence, in the wars of the French Revolution and in battles in the East Indies, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, winning the hearts of the English people reading about his exploits.

Nelson was also one of the most loved leaders amongst the seamen of the Royal Navy and fought side by side with his crews during many of the battles. However, his personal life came to be as well known as his military career. His left his marriage to Lady Nelson, formerly Frances Nisbet, to live with his mistress, Lady Hamilton, and their child.

The most famous battles of Horatio Nelson’s career, the Nile, Copenhagen and Trafalgar, came later in his career, when he was a senior commander. Nothing created the figure we recognise as Nelson, on monuments around the world, more than the Battle of Trafalgar.  This was the greatest naval victory in British history. Before the battle Nelson sent a signal in semaphore to his fleet:  “England expects that every man will do his duty.” Nelson died in the battle; his last words were “Thank God I have done my duty.” When the news of his death reached England, the king wept, as did thousands of ordinary citizens, who lined the route of his funeral.

Throughout his naval career, Nelson was wounded many times in combat, losing an arm and the sight in his right eye. As a person he could be vain, thoughtless and even, at times, reckless in his ruthless desire for recognition and glory. He showed little pity to those who crossed him. But he was also enthusiastic, eager and patriotic, as well as brave. He was noted for his ability to inspire and bring out the best in his men. His qualities, good and bad, set him apart from his contemporaries and are the reason that he is still remembered today.

Nelson Picture Gallery

Source documents

1805 Letter
Note to his daughter and Lady Hamilton

4444

http://historysheroes.e2bn.org/hero/othersources/5/43

Note to his daughter and Lady Hamilton

Just before the battle of Trafalgar, Nelson wrote the following letter to his daughter Horatia:

Victory, October 19th, 1805. My dearest Angel, I was made happy by the pleasure of receiving your letter of September 19th, and I rejoice to hear that you are so very good a girl, and love my dear Lady Hamilton, who most dearly loves you. Give her a kiss for me. The Combined Fleets of the Enemy are now reported to be coming out of Cadiz; and therefore I answer your letter, my dearest Horatia, to mark to you that you are ever uppermost in my thoughts. I shall be sure of your prayers for my safety, conquest, and speedy return to dear Merton, and our dearest good Lady Hamilton. Be a good girl, mind what Miss Connor says to you. Receive, my dearest Horatia, the affectionate parental blessing of your Father

NELSON.

4444

http://historysheroes.e2bn.org/hero/whowerethey/5#More

Horatio and Emma adopted their own child as an orphan. Less

Horatia was christened on the 18th May 1803, after the death of Emma’s husband, at St. Marylebone Parish Church. Emma and Horatio were the ‘godparents’. Vice-Admiral Charles Thompson of Portsmouth dockyard agreed to be named as Horatia’s father. Her natural parents then later adopted her as an orphan.

4444

http://historysheroes.e2bn.org/hero/whowerethey/5#More

He wanted victory at any cost could sometimes be reckless. Less

For Nelson it was death or victory. At the Battle of the Nile in 1798, for example, he proclaimed, “Before this time tomorrow I shall have gained a Peerage or Westminster Abbey”: that is he would either be rewarded for his victory or be a dead hero to be buried with honour. He would drive his ships so close to the enemy that the cannons were almost pushing through the sides of the other ship and he would pursue battle even when outnumbered or outgunned.

4444

http://historysheroes.e2bn.org/hero/whowerethey/5#More

Emma Hamilton was refused permission to attend Nelson’s funeral. Less

His affair with Emma Hamilton was so disapproved of by the government that Emma was denied permission to attend Nelson’s funeral and the instructions Nelson left to the government to provide for Emma and Horatia were not carried out; instead they gave honours and money to his brother.

One of Nelson’s last wishes was that Horatia should take the name Nelson. Less

He left her £200 a year in his will and added, “I leave to the beneficence of my country my adopted daughter Horatia Nelson Thompson, and I desire she will use in future the name of Nelson only”.

Soon after Horatio’s death Emma and her daughter spent 10 months in a prison cell. Less

This was the result of Emma’s financial difficulties. Emma moved to France and when she died in January 1815, Horatia made the funeral arrangements with the British Consul and then returned to England disguised as a boy so as to escape arrest for the debts. Though Horatia soon learnt of her real father and agreed to his wish to take his name, she never knew that Emma was her real mother.

4444

http://www.wtj.com/archives/nelson/

These on-line editions of Horatio Nelson’s dispatches and letters are based directly on the original nineteenth century editions. Nelson, who died at the naval battle of Trafalgar on October 21, 1805, was one of the most successful and famous of British fleet commanders. He fought in numerous battles, on both land and at sea, always leading the fight and pushing ahead into the enemy. His best acquaintances acknowledged that Nelson had an unusually clear mind, a keen intellect, and an insatiable thirst for glory.

The original dispatches include lengthy footnotes, some of which have been selectively included. The “NELSON AND BRONTE” signature which end the later passages refer to Nelson’s status as Duke of Bronte. Dates preceded by names Theseus, Captain, Vanguard or Victory are referring to Nelson’s flagships, from whence he wrote many of his orders and dispatches.

THE ATLANTIC AND TENERIFFE, 1797
Operations against the Spanish Fleet at Cadiz.
April 30th through June 10th, 1797
June 12th through June 30th, 1797
July 3rd through July 11th, 1797

THE 1798 MEDITERRANEAN CAMPAIGN (The Battle of the Nile)
The British Fleet’s search for the French Fleet and the prelude to the Battle of the Nile
June 12th through 29th, 1798
July 12th through 23rd, 1798

Aftermath of the Battle of the Nile.
August 2nd and 3rd, 1798
August 3rd through 9th, 1798

THE TRAFALGAR CAMPAIGN
Nelson takes command of the English fleet stationed off Spain.
October 1st through 4th, 1805
October 5th through 7th, 1805

The prelude to Trafalgar.
October 8th through 10th, 1805
October 10th through 14th, 1805

The Battle of Trafalgar, including photo of Nelson’s last letter to Lady Hamilton.
October 15th through 21st, 1805

4444

4444

Advertisements

Posted December 2, 2012 by bmplefour in Britain

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: